Some historical background -
In 1807, Issac de Rivaz (Switzerland), designed an "internal combustion engine". The engine was gas driven and used a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen to generate energy.
This was the first vehicle to run on an internal combustion engine. In subsequent years de Rivaz worked on his design, and in 1813 developed a 6 metres long car, weighing almost a ton.
In 1826, an Englishman called Samuel Brown, tested his own hydrogen-
All of the above, whilst self-
This brief hint at history contains, very simply, the conventional tale of the growth of the Oil and Motor industries.
Further passing references appear in the ‘1939-
Many fliers stated that they would not have reached safety without this unexplained effect.
A modern interpretation of this phenomenon suggests that their engines were ingesting salt water spray containing water laden air (and thus, hydrogen) -
In 1974, the Jet Propulsion Lab, at the California, USA, Institute of Technology presented a paper at a conference, at the University of Calgary, stating … ‘the results of our experimental investigation conclude that because of the characteristics of hydrogen, the mixture can rapidly burn in ‘hydrogen-
Later, Roy MacAlister, President Elect of the American Hydrogen Association stated … ‘the use of mixtures of ‘hydrogen in small quantities’, with (i.e ‘supplementing’ ) conventional fuels, offers significant reductions in exhaust emissions’ and ‘... using hydrogen as a combustion stimulant … it is possible for other fuels to meet future requirements for lower exhaust emissions in California and in an increasing number of additional states.
He further added ‘… relatively small amounts of hydrogen can dramatically increase horsepower and reduce exhaust emissions.’
In the period between 1997-
In 1977, John F. Cassidy, writing for NASA, in a paper titled EMISSIONS AND TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF A MULTI-